Sharing Scientific Research
This website shares scientific, archaeological research conducted with support from a National Science Foundation (NSF) Grant (Anthropology Program, BCS-1430754) to Co-Principal Investigators Dr. Sarah Neusius, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and Dr. Bonnie Styles, Illinois State Museum. From 2014-2017, Drs. Neusius and Styles co-directed the research project and addressed two major goals.
The first goal is to preserve and make accessible zooarchaeological databases from important Archaic Period (10,500-2,500 RCYBP) archaeological sites in the interior North American Eastern Woodlands (see map below).
The second goal is to analyze these datasets to test hypotheses about the roles of environmental and cultural variability and changes on human use of animals during this time period, particularly the use of aquatic resources.
We established the Eastern Archaic Faunal Working Group (see list below) to undertake this collaborative project. This group uploaded and preserved about 60 faunal datasets for 24 Archaic Period sites in the Digital Archaeological Record (tDAR). An international repository of digital data, images, and documents, tDAR (www.tDAR.org) is maintained by Digital Antiquity and hosted by Arizona State University. We chose to upload our data into tDAR because of the digital archiving capability and long-term commitment of Digital Antiquity to preserve and provide open access to the data. We used the mapping and integration tools in tDAR to compare datasets developed by different researchers using different formats. Our databases are now released in tDAR and are accessible to researchers across the world.
Eastern Archaic Faunal Working Group Sites
Eastern Archaic Faunal Working Group Collaborators
Dr. Sarah W. Neusius, P.I., Indiana University of Pennsylvania
Dr. Bonnie W. Styles, P.I., Illinois State Museum
Mona Colburn, Project Zooarchaeology Specialist, Illinois State Museum
Dr. George Crothers, University of Kentucky
Dr. Steve Kuehn, Illinois State Archaeological Survey
Dr. Tanya Peres, Florida State University
Scott Rivas, Graduate Assistant, Indiana University of Pennsylvania
Dr. Beverley Smith, University of Michigan-Flint
Dr. Renee Walker, State University of New York-Oneonta
The face-to-face meetings were critical to our project. They provided the training needed for the whole team to become familiar with tDAR and to learn how to best prepare our individual datasets for ingestion into tDAR. They contributed to consistency in how each of us mapped attributes for variables in our individual datasets to the attributes in the shared ontologies. They provided the time needed to discuss problems and make observations. Finally, they were essential to addressing our research hypotheses and the development of publication and future research plans.
Website Development and Credits
This website introduces the general public to the science of zooarchaeology and what we have learned from the bones and shells from archaeological sites. The examples provided stem from the research undertaken for the NSF grant with a focus on interpretations from the Koster site and Modoc Rock Shelter in Illinois. The website is designed for the general public and to be accessible to students from seventh grade through undergraduate college.
Website Project Director: Dr. Bonnie Styles, Director Emeritus, Illinois State Museum and Adjunct Professor in Anthropology, Northwestern University
Website Authors: Bonnie W. Styles and Sue Huitt
Website Concept and Content Development: Dr. Bonnie Styles
Image Preparation, Technical and Pedagogical Editing, Website Layout and Implementation: Sue Huitt, Website Consultant, NSF Grant
Overall Website Design and Assistance: Dr. Erich Schroeder and Kelvin Sampson, Illinois State Museum
Website Funding: National Science Foundation, Anthropology Program (BCS-1430754): “Adaptation and Cultural Practices During the Archaic Period in the Interior North American Eastern Woodlands: Creating and Integrating Digital Faunal Databases in tDAR,” Co-Principal Investigators, Dr. Sarah Neusius, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and Dr. Bonnie Styles, Illinois State Museum.
Copyright and Use Policies of the Illinois State Museum: https://www.illinoisstatemuseum.org/content/copyright-and-use-policies